Swaziland is a kingdom located in Southern Africa. Swaziland is one of the smallest countries in Africa. Swaziland is a developing country with a small economy. Their official language is English and siSwati. It suffers from severe poverty and has the world’s highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate. Swaziland's currency is pegged to the South African rand. The government is heavily dependent on customs duties from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), and worker remittances from South Africa supplement domestically earned income. Subsistence agriculture employs approximately 70% of the population. Sugar is the main export earner. The unemployment rate of Swaziland is 40%. It is estimated that 20% of the country’s population control 80% of the county’s wealth..
Swaziland is an absolute monarchy. The head of state is the King. The king appoints the prime minister from the legislature. The legislature is bicameral. It consists of the 30 member senate and the 65 member House of assembly. Legislative elections are held every 5 years.
In 2008, Swaziland had it’s general elections. This was the first time foreign observers were allowed to monitor the elections of the country. Since political parties were banned, all candidates were independents. King Mswati appointed 10 Members of Parliament. The elected Members of Parliament later elected 10 members into the Senate.
The most recent elections in Swaziland were held in 2013, voters voted for 55 out of 65 seats. The election was quite troublesome. This is because of wrong ballot papers were issues campaign laws were broken and in some cases the Swazi riot police had to be involved..
In 2013, there were 6.2% women in parliament.
Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women