Foreign Affairs CS Amina Mohamed has lost the election for African Union Commission chairperson to Chad’s Moussa Mahamat.
Amina, 56, lost to Mahamat after heads of state voted in the seventh round.
Kenya garnered 27 votes and Chad 26, while one country abstained in the fifth round In the sixth round, Chad got 28 votes and Kenya 25, while one head of state abstained.
Chad took the seventh round alone, Mahamat garnering 38 votes.
Amina and Mahamat competed against Equatorial Guinea Foreign Minister Agapito Mokuy, Senegal's Abdoulaye Bathily and Pelonomi Moitoi of Botswana.
The election took place during the 28th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, that will take place until Tuesday. The AU is headquartered in the capital.
Mahamat takes over from South Africa’s Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, whose term began in 2012 and ended in June.
Amara Essy from Cote d’Ivore served as the chair from 2000 – 2003. Alpha Konare from Mali served until 2008 and Gabon’s Jean Ping until 2012.
Mahamat, born in 1960, has served since 2008. His previous posts also included a stint as prime minister.
Dlamini-Zuma's tenure had been extended by six months to give potential candidates for the position time to canvass for votes.
This was after the African leaders failed to get a two thirds majority vote for her successor in Kigali, Rwanda.
During Dlamini-Zuma's time in charge of the AU, the medical doctor has focused on reforming the AU's dysfunctional internal bureaucracy and drawing up a long-term plan for improving the lives of Africa's underprivileged citizens, especially women and children.
But she has been criticized for failing to heal the rifts created by her election and not doing more to prevent conflict in countries such as South Sudan, which the United Nations says is tilting towards genocide.
Dlamini-Zuma is now tipped as a contender to succeed her ex-husband, Jacob Zuma, as South Africa's president.
In the AUC vice chairperson vote, Ghana got 36 votes, Djibouti 14 and Libya six in the first round. In round two, Ghana acquired 44 votes emerging winner, Djibouti nine and Libya one vote. Erastus Mwencha is the outgoing VC.