ABurkina Faso is a francophone landlocked country located in West Africa. The name Burkina Faso means land of honest men. Burkina Faso is considered to be a poor country. It has suffered from recurring drought and military coups. Burkina Faso also has a significant amount of gold reserves. A large part of Burkina Faso’s economic activity is funded by international aid. About 80% of the population is dependant on subsistence farming. It’s economy is heavily dependant on rainfall. Cotton and gold are the country’s main exports.
Burkina Faso has the framework of a semi- presidential republic. The Prime Minister is the head of government while the president is the head of state.
The president can dissolve parliament and serves for a limit of two five year terms.The parliament is unicameral and is also known as the National Assembly. It has 111 seats and members serve 5 year terms.
The President is elected using the two-round system, with a run-off election due to be held 15 days after the election results are declared if no candidate receives over 50% of the vote in the first round.
Although the government had been working to decentralize power, lack of political participation has made it difficult and it’s centralization is now known as hybrid decentralisation.President Blaise Compaoré ruled Burkina Faso from a coup d'état in 1987 to his resignation in 2014.
He was forced to resign due to pressure from the 2014 Burkinabé uprising.
Although the Constitution limited the president to two five year terms, the government allowed President Blaise Compaoré to run for many terms. When a bill to scrap the term limits was introduced to parliament, the Burkinabé uprising begun. It was only until President Blaise resigned that the violence stopped.
The November 2015 General Elections were the first elections since the Burkinabe Uprising in 2014. The party of the former president, Congress for Democratic Progress was banned from producing a presidential candidate, they were however allowed to participate in the parliamentary elections. Ministers who were part of the transitional government were also banned from participating in the Presidential Elections. The interim legislature passed a bill barring any MPs who supported the scrapping of presidential term limits from vying. On September 2015, there was a coup against the interim government. There were 14 presidential candidates.
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (%): 9
total population: 36% male: 43% female: 29.3% (2015 est.)
Youth Unemployment rate:
total: 3.8% male: 4.6% female: 2.9% (2006 est.)
In April 2009, law establishing a quota for women’s representation on electoral lists was introduced.
The law requires each political party to submit a list of candidates which includes a minimum of 30% women in local and national elections.
Those parties that fail to comply receive a 50% cut in funding.
Burkina Faso ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women(CEDAW) in 1987 and the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women(CEDAW) protocol in 2005.
It also ratified the Maputo Protocol in 2006