Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in South Africa. It has 16 official languages, including English. 39.5% of Zimbabwe is occupied with forests, while 42.5% is agricultural land. During the heavy rain season, Victoria Falls forms the world’s largest curtain of falling water. Zimbabwe’ s Lake Kariba is the world’s largest reservoir by volume. Zimbabwe is known for it’s dramatic landscapes and it’s diversity in wildlife. Zimbabwe adopted the US Dollar as its official currency in 2009, the Zimbabwean dollar has since then been essentially useless. Zimbabwe’s economy depends heavily on mining and agriculture. The country’s population has a literacy rate of 86.5%.

Political Profile/Structure/System

Zimbabwe has a presidential system of government. It’s legislature is bicameral it consists of the Senate and the House of Assembly. President Robert Mugabe has been president since independence..

Elections and Political Parties

President Robert Mugabe has been president since 1987. His party, the Zimbabwe African National
Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF), has been in power since 1980. In 2008, President Mugabe faced his toughest election challenge. The elections results were delayed for over a month.

When the results were released, the opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change’s leader, Morgan Tsvangirai led in the results but did not reach 50% of the required vote. Therefore, a second round of elections was held. After the first round of elections, there was a lot of violence. Tsvangirai withdrew from the runoff due to the violence. Therefore Mugabe won the second round. However, Mugabe’s party lost its majority in the Parliament. In the 2013 elections, Mugabe’s party won with 61.09% votes. Many countries and international bodies questioned the credibility of the election results.

By The Numbers

In 2013, there were 32.6% women in lower house parliament and 47.5% women in upper house parliament..


Participation and Inclusion

Has signed and ratified the Maputo Protocol. Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women