Uganda is a landlocked country in Eastern Africa. It’s official language is Swahili and English. The country has untapped reserves of crude oil. 71.2% of Uganda’s land is used for agriculture. Agriculture is an important sector in the country and employs one third of Uganda’s work force. Coffee is also a major export. Due to political instability in its neighbouring country, South Sudan, Uganda’s economy has been strained. This is because of the high number of refugees entering the country. It is approximated that the country hosts more than 800,000 South Sudan refugees. Uganda has one of the highest birth rates in the world. It has a low unemployment rate and a literacy rate of 78.4%..
The President of Uganda is both head of state and head of government . The president appoints a vice-president and a prime minister to aid him in governing. The parliament is formed by the National Assembly , which has 449 members. These include; 290 constituency representatives, 116 district woman representatives, 10 representatives of the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces, 5 representatives of the youth, 5 representatives of workers, 5 representatives of persons with disabilities and 18 ex-official members.
Yoweri Museveni of the National Resistance Movement (NRM) has been in power since 1986. In 2011, Uganda had its general elections. There were 8 presidential candidates. Kizza Besigy e of the Forum for Democratic Change faced off with Museveni for the third time. With 68.38% vote, Yoweri Museveni won the elections. His party also won 263 of the 375 parliamentary seats. Besigye rejected the election results. The voter turnout was 59.29%. Uganda’s most recent elections were held in 2016. There were 8 presidential candidates. Both Museveni and Besigye were competing again, for the fourth time as presidential candidates. This election was criticized by many international bodies because of the arrests of opposition candidates. Security during this election was heavy because Uganda has not seen a peaceful transition of power since independence. There was a social media black out. Museveni won with 60.62% vote. Voter turnout was 67.61%. The NRM also became the majority in parliament with 293 out of 426 seats..
In 2016, there were 34.3% women in parliament.
Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women