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TUNISIA

Tunisia is a country in the Northern parts of Africa. It is the northernmost country in Africa. Tunisia is considered to be the only country with full democracy in the Arab World. It’s official language is Arabic. Geographically, Tunisia has great environmental diversity. Some of the natural resources in Tunisia include petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt. Most Tunisians inhabit the northern side of their country. It has a literacy rate of 81.8%. Tunisia has a diverse market-oriented economy that is considered of Africa’s economic success stories. Tunisia has a liberal business strategy and has made high investments in education and infrastructure..

Political Profile/Structure/System

Tunisia is a representative democracy. The president is the head of state while the prime minister is head of government. There are over 100 political parties in Tunisia. The percentage of women who hold seats in the legislature is high, considering Tunisia is an Islamic state. The women hold more than 20% of the seats.
The country’s legal system is influenced by French civil law while the law of personal status is based on Islamic Law. The Law of Personal Status improved the rights of women and is considered one of the most progressive civil codes in North Africa and the Muslim world..

Elections and Political Parties

Tunisia’s latest presidential election was held in 2014. 70 candidates applied to run but only 27 were permitted. However, 5 candidates withdrew their bid leaving 22 presidential candidates. The voter turnout was 64.56%. Nidaa Tounes party’s candidate Beji Caid Essebsi and Congress for the Republic party’s candidate Moncef Marzouki led in the first round of the elections with 39.46% and 33.43% of vote respectively.
A second round of voting was held between them. Beji Caid Essebsi won with 55.68% vote.
International observers stated that the election was free and fair.
In 2009, Tunisia held its general elections. Zine El Abidine Ben A li won the election with 89.62% vote. He was the presidential candidate of Constitutional Democratic Rally . Tunisia did not allow international monitoring of the elections. The voter turnout was 89.45%..

By The Numbers

In 2014, there were 31.3% women in parliament.

NATIONAL ANTHEM

Participation and Inclusion

Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women