Togo is a Francophone country in West Africa. It is one of the smallest countries in Africa. More than 50% of the people in Togo practice their traditional beliefs. The country has 39 languages spoken. Togo’s economy is heavily dependant on agriculture. Cocoa, coffee and cotton are responsible for 40% of the country’s export earnings. Togo is also one of the world’s largest producers of phosphate. Agriculture employs 65% of the people in Togo. It has a literacy rate of 66.5%. Togo is home to more than 18,000 refugees from Ghana.

Political Profile/Structure/System

President is elected by universal and direct suffrage for 5 years. He is also the commander of the armed forces and has the right to initiate legislation and dissolve parliament . Executive power is exercised by the president and the government. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the president.

Elections and Political Parties

Presidential elections in Togo were held in 2010. The European Union granted Togo some money to ensure the elections were in line with international standards. This was due to the violence that was experienced in the 2005 elections. Faure Gnassingbé was the presidential candidate of Rally for the Togolese People . He won the elections with 60.9% vote. The opposition contested the results. The Togolese courts rejected five appeals from the opposition concerning the elections. The opposition held protests for weeks regarding the election results. The most recent elections were held in 2015. Faure Gnassingbé was seeking re-election. He was the presidential candidate of Union for the Republic party. He won the election with 58.75% vote. The voter turnout was 60.92%. International observers felt that the elections were free and transparent..

By The Numbers

In 2013, there were 17.6% women in parliament


Participation and Inclusion

Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women