Tanzania is a country in East Africa. It’s official languages are Swahili and English. Tanzania is one of the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa with over 100 languages. Tanzania hosts Africa’s highest points, that is the Mt. Kilimanjaro and Africa’s lowest point, the deepest lake in Africa, Lake Tanganyika. Some of Tanzania’s natural resources include hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel. Tanzania is one of the world's poorest economies in terms of per capita income, but has achieved high growth rates based on its vast natural resource wealth and tourism. 80% of Tanzania’s workforce is dependant on agriculture. The country has a literacy rate of 75.9%..

Political Profile/Structure/System

Tanzania is a one party dominant state. The Chama Cha Mapinduzi party holds approximately 75% of the seats in the National Assembly. The president and member of the National Assembly are elected for five year terms through popular vote. The president appoints a prime minister who is confirmed by the National Assembly. The legislature is unicameral and has a maximum of 357 members.

Elections and Political Parties

The Chama Cha Mapinduzi party has dominated in Tanzanian elections since independence. In 2010,Tanzania had its general elections. The Chama Cha Mapinduzi party’s candidate Jakaya Kikwete won the elections with 62.83% of the vote. The voter turnout was 42.84%. In the parliamentary elections, the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party won 250 out of 350 seats with a voter turnout of 39.71%. Tanzania’s most recent elections were held in 2015. The Chama Cha Mapinduzi party had over 40 presidential aspirants. During the party’s primaries, John Magufuli was declared the party’s candidate. In total there were 8 presidential candidates.John Magufuli won the presidential election with 58.46% vote. The voter turnout was 67.34%, an increase from the previous elections. Over 20 political parties contested for parliamentary seats. Only 5 political parties won parliamentary seats. Chama Cha Mapinduzi won 252 out of 367 seats.

By The Numbers

In 2015, there were 36.4% women in parliament


Participation and Inclusion

Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women