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SOUTH SUDAN

ISouth Sudan is a landlocked country in northeastern Africa . It gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. The official language of South Sudan is English . South Sudan has suffered ethnic violence and has been in a civil war since 2013. Up to 300,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the war. It has the second highest score on the Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index). The economy of South Sudan is one of the world's most underdeveloped with South Sudan having little existing infrastructure and the highest maternal mortality and female illiteracy rates in the world as of 2011. Sudan has the third highest oil reserves in sub-saharan Africa. South Sudan was approved for membership in East African Community on March 2016. South Sudan has the highest military spending as a percentage of GDP in the world..

Political Profile/Structure/System

South Sudan has a mixed presidential system of government headed by a president who is head of state , head of government , and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. It also establishes the National Legislature comprising two houses: a directly elected assembly, the National Legislative Assembly , and a second chamber of representatives of the states, the Council of States ..

Elections and Political Parties

South Sudan had its first and only general election in 2010. Salva Kiir of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement , who received almost 93% of the vote. SPLM also received 160 out of 170 seats in the parliamentary elections..

By The Numbers

In 2016, there were 28.5% women in lower house parliament and 12% women in upper house parliament.

NATIONAL ANTHEM

Participation and Inclusion

Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women