It is the southernmost country in Africa. South Africa is often referred to as the " Rainbow Nation " to describe the country's multicultural diversity. South Africa has 11 official languages. This is because it is a multiethnic. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area. It is also the world's 24th-most populous nation . Christians account for 79.8% of its population. Its economy is the second-largest in Africa. 79.4% of South Africa’s land is agricultural. It has one of the highest percentage of people living with HIV/AIDS. It has a high literacy rate of 94.3%. South Africa has one of the highest rate of unemployment, inequality and poverty in the world. It’s economic growth has deccelerated overt he years. South Africa has 11 official languages. South Africa is home of the third largest hospital in the world, the Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital .
It is a parliamentary republic. The president is both head of state and head of government whose tenure depends on parliament. Courts have the power to strike down executive actions and acts of Parliament if they are unconstitutional. The lower house of the Legislature consists of 400 members who are elected every five years through a system of party-list proportional representation. The upper house of the legislature consists of 90 members. After each parliamentary election, the members elect the president, hence the president Serves the same term of office as the national assembly for a maximum of two terms. The members of the national assembly are usually elected after every five years.
In 2009, South Africa held its general elections. The African National Congress which has been in power since 1994, elected Jacob Zuma into party presidency. The Democratic Alliance which is South Africa's main opposition party chose a new leader- the prominent anti-apartheid activist, Helen Zille. A number of communities, social movements, organisations and prominent personalities( such as Archbishop Desmond Tutu) threatened not to vote in the elections. There was a 77.3% voter turnout. The ANC won 65.90% of the seats while the Democratic Alliance party obtained 16.66% of the parliamentary seats. Helen Zille was very happy with the results. She stated that her party had achieved all three of its major objectives: it had kept the ANC below a two-thirds majority, won a majority in the Western Cape and increased the number of seats they had in parliament. South Africa’s most recent elections were held in 2014. The African National Congress ( got 62.15% of the parliamentary seats) lost 15 seats while the Democratic Alliance gained 18 seats thus acquiring 22.23% of the seats.
In 2014, there were 42.1% women in parliament.
Has signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Has signed and ratified the Maputo Protocol..