Is a founding member of the East African Community (EAC). Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and southwest, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi), and had a population of approximately 48 million people in January 2017.

Political Profile/Structure/System

The political system of Kenya is characterized by democratic republic government whereby the President is both chief of state as well as head of government. There is also a vice president and members of the Cabinet who make up the executive branch. The powers of the government in Kenya are distributed among the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. In the political system of Kenya, the judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Executive The executive power in the political system of Kenya is vested in the President who is both Chief of state and also head of Government. The President of Kenya is elected for a term of 5 years by popular vote and is eligible for re-elections for a second term. The President performs his executive functions with the assistance of a vice president and the Cabinet ministers. The President is responsible for appointing the vice President as well as the members of the Cabinet. The legislature The legislative power in Kenya is held by unicameral National Assembly or Bunge consisting of 224 members. Out of the 224 members, 210 members are elected by popular vote for a term of five years. The remaining 12 nominated members are appointed by the president but selected by political parties on the basis of proportional representation, and 2 ex-officio members. Judiciary The judiciary in Kenya is headed by the High Court and Court of Appeal. The Chief justice and the judges of the High Court and Court of Appeals are appointed by the President. There are also smaller courts of justices in Kenya like the Resident Magistrate's Courts and the District Magistrate Courts.

Elections and Political Parties

Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Kenya or FORD-Kenya Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-People or FORD-People Kenya African National Union or KANU National Rainbow Coalition-Kenya or NARC-K Orange Democratic Movement-Kenya or ODM-Kenya Elections in Kenya take place within the framework of a multi-party democracy and a presidential system. The President, Senate and National Assembly are directly elected by voters, with elections organized by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC)..

By The Numbers

Elections 04/03/2013 Lower house--- Seats: 350; women: 68; % women: 19.4% Upper house---- Seats: 68; women: 18; % women: 26.5% Education Primary education enrolment Female: 83%; Male: 82%; GP1: 1.01 Secondary Education Enrolment Female: 48%; Male: 51%; GP1: 0.94 Adult Literacy (15 and above) Female: 84%; Male: 91% One million children are still out of school in Kenya. While this is almost half the number in 1999, it is still the ninth highest of any country in the world. Primary education is not of sufficient quality to ensure that all children can learn the basics. Among young men aged 15-29 years who had left school after 6 years of schooling, 6% illiterate and 30% semi-illiterate after being in school for six years. The proportion of semi-literate or illiterate after 6 years of schooling has worsened in recent years in 2003, 24% in this situation compared with 39% in 2008.


Participation and Inclusion

Kenyan women continue to be marginalized in many areas of society, especially in the sphere of leadership and decision making. The lack of a critical mass of women in political institutions is a major constraint for women politicians to effect significant and positive difference towards transforming the male-dominated culture of politics, public policy, and resource allocation in a gender equitable manner.