Guinea-Bissau is a country in West Africa. It covers 36,125 square kilometers (13,948 sq. mi) with an estimated population of 1,704,000. Following its independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea-Bissau has suffered from frequent political upheaval and repeated economic shocks that have made it difficult to achieve and sustain development outcomes. .
Politics of Guinea-Bissau takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic in transition, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister is head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National People's Assembly. .
The president and prime minister are responsible for executive tasks and constituting the executive branch of government. The presidents is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. 5 Years. Judicial Responsible for supreme court decisions and constituting of the judicial branch of government. Nominated by the higher council of the magistrate, then appointed by the president Life Appointment. Legislative The people’s national assembly is responsible for constituting the legislative branch of government. 102 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system. 4 Years. Elections in Guinea-Bissau take place within the framework of a multi-party democracy and a semi-presidential system. Both the President and the National People's Assembly are directly elected.
Lower or single house
Seats: 102; Women: 14; % women: 13.7%
FIG 1: Education System
School entrance age: 6 years
Duration and official ages for school cycle
Primary: 6 years, ages: 6-11 years
Lower secondary: 3 years, ages: 12-14 years
Upper secondary: 2years, ages:15-16 years
FIG 2: Education attainment, youth ages: 15-24
No education: 34%
Secondary complete: 4%
Secondary incomplete: 18%
Primary incomplete: 37%
Guinea-Bissau has undergone different phases regarding women's political participation. On the one hand, it has been possible to observe a significant role performed by women in nation building and the setting up of democratic processes; on the other hand, however, recurrent political instability coupled with discriminatory practices have led to a situation where evidence of women's active participation has been weakened. Illustration of this is that, the number of women holding positions in Cabinet and in the National Assembly have since faded. In the latest legislature, there were only 13 women out of 100 MPs and three women among 16 Ministers in the government. Within the new transition government there is no female minister and the Ministry of Women has been abolished