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Guinea

Guinea is a small economy in terms of the total value of its output. The population is small, at around 7.6 million, and not very productive: the amount of output produced per person is very low at US$540 a year (by way of comparison the U.S. figure is US$29,340 per person, per year). This low output level, combined with poor educational prospects and inadequate access to health care and other human services, has earned Guinea a place near the bottom of the United Nations (UN) Human Development Index, with a ranking of 162 out of 174 countries. The population is growing fairly rapidly, at 1.96 percent a year, with the average woman giving birth to 5.5 children during her lifetime, and this rate adds to the problems of generating higher incomes. Most people— 80 percent—depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, mainly on small family farms. Despite these limitations, in the last several decades Guinea's economic output has increased more rapidly than its population, and average living standards have improved. The agriculture and services sectors have performed better, with industry doing less well.

Political Profile/Structure/System

Politics of Guinea takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Guinea is both head of state and head of government of Guinea. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly.

Elections and Political Parties

Guinea elects on national level a head of state—the president—and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people through a two-round system (i.e. if no candidate secures a majority of the votes, there is a runoff between the top two vote-getters). The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 114 members, elected for five-year terms, 38 members in single-seat constituencies and 76 members by proportional representation. Voters must be at least 18 years old and Guinean citizens in full possession of civil and political rights. Candidates must be at 18, either Guinean by citizenship or naturalized and resident in the country for at least 10 years. There are also various disqualifications. Ruling party: Rally of the Guinea People Opposition Party: Party of unity and progress Union for progress and renewal Democratic party of Guinea-African Democratic Rally

Participation and Inclusion

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They used an NDI tool called the “Win with Women Political Party Assessment,” which aims to boost women’s involvement, support and meaningful participation in political parties. It has been used recently in the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Kosovo and Burkina Faso, where the tool helped four political parties assess progress they had made in including women during 2012 elections. One party established a designated space in its headquarters for women to use for meetings, while another established women’s wings in all local party branches..

NATIONAL ANTHEM

By the Numbers.

Elections Lower or single house Seat: 114; women: 25; % women: 21.9% Education Primary education in Guinea is compulsory for 6 years. In 1997, the gross primary enrolment rate was 54.4 percent and the net primary enrolment rate was 41.8 percent.