It is a country in the Horn of Africa. 75.1% of Eritrea’s land is agricultural.Eritrea is a multilingual country. The nation has no official language, as the Constitution establishes the "equality of all Eritrean languages". Tigrinya serves as the de facto language of national identity. Its de facto official languages include Tigrinya, Arabic and English. It has a literacy rate of 73.8%. Since formal independence from Ethiopia in 1993, Eritrea has faced many economic problems, including lack of financial resources and chronic drought, which have been exacerbated by restrictive economic policies. Eritrea's population increased from 3.2 million to 6.4 million between 1990 and 2014.

Political Profile/Structure/System

Eritrea has never had any national elections since independence. The president of Eritrea has been president since independence. According to the constitution, president indirectly elected by the National Assembly for a 5-year term and is eligible for a second term.
The only election was held on 8 June 1993, following independence from Ethiopia .The next election has been postponed indefinitely.

Elections and Political Parties

Eritrea is a one-party state in which national legislative elections have been repeatedly postponed.

By the Numbers

Women in parliament : 22%
Literacy Rate:
total population: 73.8% male: 82.4% female: 65.5% (2015 est.)