Equatorial Guinea is the only sovereign African state in which Spanish is an official language, it is located in Central Africa. Equatorial Guinea has become one of sub-Saharan Africa's largest oil producers. It is the richest country per capita in Africa, and its gross domestic product (GDP) adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita ranks 43rd in the world. However, the wealth is distributed very unevenly and few people have benefited from the oil riches. Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest and least populated countries in continental Africa. Unemployment remains problematic because the oil-dominated economy employs a small labor force dependent on skilled foreign workers. It has a literacy rate of 95.3%.
The country has both a president and a prime minister. The president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 7-year term.
The current president is considered a dictator. There have been 12 unsuccessful coup attempts since 1979. The government has a censorship program that monitors and redirects all searches performed online to the official government website. Journalists are also censored.
The country has a bicameral National Assembly or Asemblea Nacional, formerly the unicameral Parliament, consists of the Senate or Senado (70 seats; 55 members directly elected by simple majority vote and 15 appointed by the president) and the House of People's Representatives or Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (100 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms).
Equatorial Guinea is a one party dominant state. This means that only one political party, the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE) is de facto allowed to hold effective power. Minor parties are allowed however they are de facto required to accept the leadership of the dominant party.
The most recent presidential elections were held in 2016.The leading candidate was incumbent president Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. The opposition were all mainly new faces with little political recognition and none of their parties were represented in Parliament.
There were also three independent candidates, which critics claimed were dummy candidates to provide legitimacy for the elections. Obiang won the election by an overwhelming margin, as expected.
Provisional results showed him with 93.7% of the vote on a turnout of 92.9%
AIn the 2009 presidential elections, five candidates stood in the election. Two of them were characterized by the international press as mere proxies for President Obiang. Mico Abogo denounced the conduct of the election, saying that fraud and manipulation were rife, and he declared that he would not accept the official results. Observers also noted irregularities in the election. International observations stated that the media had been subjected to manipulations throughout the election, including the refusal of visas for the press and enhanced public relations activity by a private firm supporting President Obiang. Obiang received 95.4% of the vote and won the elections.
Women in parliament: 26%
total population: 95.3%
female: 93% (2015 est.)
The country has ratified both the CEDAW and Maputo Protocol.