Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. Djibouti is a multi-ethnic nation with a population of over 846,687 inhabitants. Arabic and French are the country's two official languages.It serves as a key refueling and transshipment center, and is the principal maritime port for imports from and exports to neighboring Ethiopia.Djibouti's economy is largely concentrated in the service sector. Commercial activities revolve around the country's free trade policies and strategic location as a Red Sea transit point. Due to limited rainfall, vegetables and fruits are the principal production crops, and other food items require importation. Djibouti's population is predominantly Muslim. Islam is observed by around 94% of the nation's population whereas the remaining 6% of residents are Christian adherents.

Political Profile/Structure/System

Djibouti is a semi-presidential republic, with executive power resting in the central government, and legislative power in both the government and the Djiboutian National Assembly.
The president shares his executive power with the prime minister who is his/her appointee. The legal system is a blend of French civil law, Sharia and customary law (Xeer) of the Somali and Afar peoples.
The National Assembly is the country's legislature, consisting of 65 members elected every five years. Although unicameral, the Constitution provides for the creation of a Senate.

Elections and Political Parties

Djibouti is a one party dominant state, with the People's Rally for Progress (RPP) controlling the legislature and the executive since its foundation in 1979 (the party currently rules as a part of the Union for a Presidential Majority, which holds all seats). Opposition parties are allowed limited freedom, but the main opposition party, the Union for National Salvation, boycotted the 2005 and 2008 elections, citing government control of the media and repression of the opposition candidates. The most recent presidential elections were held in 2016, Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, president since 1999, ran for his fourth term in office and was considered likely to win against his six opponents. Three of the opponents ran as independents. Guelleh won the election with 87.07% votes. The voter turnout was 68.96%.

Elections and Political PartiesDolor Sit Amet

AIn the 2011 presidential elections, there were only two candidates, the incumbent president Guelleh and Mohamed Warsama Ragueh. Djibouti's opposition coalitions boycotted the election, saying it would not be free and fair. In 2010, the Djiboutian National Assembly amended the constitution to allow Guelleh to run for a third term. Protesters began calling for President Guelleh's ouster beginning in February 2011. Many protesters were imprisoned. Guelleh won the election by 80.63% votes. The voter turnout was 73.39%.


By the Numbers

Women in parliament: 13%

Participation and Inclusion

Djibouti ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and Maputo Protocol