Cote d'Ivoire

This is a country located in West Africa. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro, and its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan. The official language is French, with local indigenous languages also widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin, and Cebaara Senufo. In total there are around 78 languages spoken in Ivory Coast. The country is the largest economy in the West African Economic and Monetary Union, constituting 40% of the monetary union’s total GDP. The country is the world's largest exporter of cocoa beans, and the fourth-largest exporter of goods, in general, in sub-Saharan Africa .Ivory Coast's capital, Yamoussoukro, is home to the largest church building in the world, the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro.

Political Profile/Structure/System

The Politics of Ivory Coast takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Ivory Coast is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system.

Executive power is exercised by the government.
Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
The president is elected for a five year term. The President of the Ivory Coast is elected with a five-year mandate through a two-round system, with 50% simple majority required to avoid a run-off.
The parliament is expected to be bicameral in nature consisting of the Senate and the National Assembly.

Elections and Political Parties

The most recent elections were held in 2015. Incumbent President Alassane Ouattara, first elected in 2010 preceding the 2010–11 Ivorian crisis, stood again to seek a second term. Opposition party Ivorian Popular Front (FPI) called for a boycott of the elections in protest against the trial of former President Laurent Gbagbo by the International Criminal Court. Voter turnout was to 54.6%. President Ouattara won by a landslide obtaining 83.66% of the vote. Elections were relatively peaceful compared to previous elections.
In 2010, presidential elections were held. The major presidential candidates were Laurent Gbagbo and Alassane Ouattara. Most observers considered that the overall result was not compromised, and that the election was essentially free and fair.
In the first elections, Gbagbo obtained 38.04% while Ouattara got 32.07%. In the second round, CEI President Youssouf Bakayoko announced provisional results showing that Alassane Ouattara had won the election in the second round with 54.1% of the vote, against 45.9% for Laurent Gbagbo. He however announced the results late.

Elections and Political Parties contDolor Sit Amet

AThe President of the Constitutional Council(CC) then announced that the CEI had no authority left to announce any results, because it had already missed its deadline to announce them, and consequently the results were invalid. The President of the CC announced that the results in seven northern regions were cancelled, thereby swinging the outcome narrowly in favor of Gbagbo, who was credited with 51.45% of the vote while Ouattara had 48.55%. On the basis of the CEI's results, Ouattara maintained that he was "the elected President" and said that the Constitutional Council had abused its authority.The New Forces and Prime Minister Soro both supported Ouattara's claim to victory. Gbagbo was forcefully removed from office and Ouattara took office as the undisputed president. Gbagbo was forcefully removed from office and Ouattara took office as the undisputed president


By the Numbers

Women in parliament: 11%
Literacy rate:
 total population: 43.1%
 male: 53.1%
 female: 32.5% (2015 est.)

Participation and Inclusion

The Ivory Coast has ratified the CEDAW.