Democratic Republic of the CongoDolor Sit Amet

AIt is a francophone country located in Central Africa.

The Democratic Republic of Congo is extremely rich in natural resources, but is politically unstable, has a lack of infrastructure, deep rooted corruption, and centuries of both commercial and colonial extraction and exploitation with little holistic development. Renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most export income, has boosted Kinshasa's fiscal position and GDP growth in recent years, although recent commodity price declines threaten to erase progress. An uncertain legal framework, corruption, and a lack of transparency in government policy are long-term problems for the large mining sector and for the economy as a whole. It has a literacy rate of 63.8%

Political Profile/Structure/System

It is a presidential democratic republic. It consists of a bicameral Parliament, consisting of the Senate and National Assembly. The Executive’s Cabinet consists of 60 members headed by the president and four vice presidents. The prime minister is the head of the party with the majority seats in the National Assembly. The bicameral Parliament or Parliament consists of the Senate (which holds 108 seats in which members indirectly elected by provincial assemblies by proportional representation vote) and the National Assembly ( which has 500 seats of which 439 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 61 directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote). All members of the legislature serve 5 year terms.

Elections and Political PartiesDolor Sit Amet

2006 marked the first multiparty elections in the country in 41 years. 33 people registered as candidates for the Presidency and 9,000 for the 500 seats in the federal parliament. On the day of the election three vice-presidents and candidates complained of vote rigging. Joseph Kabila who was an independent candidate, won the elections with 44.81% of the votes. In the parliamentary results, no single party gained the 251 seats needed to secure a majority. Kabila's PPRD(People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy) won 111 seats, while Bemba's MLC (Movement for the Liberation of Congo) won 64 seats. Independent candidates won 63 seats. In the presidential run off, Kabila won with 58.05% votes. Voter turnout was said to be low. Bemba challenged the election results in court. The Supreme Court dismissed Bemba's challenge as "unfounded" and confirmed that Kabila had won the election, stating that: "Mr Kabila Kabange, Joseph, is proclaimed president of the Democratic Republic of Congo, elected by absolute majority..

Elections and Political Parties Cont Dolor Sit Amet

The most recent DRC election was in 2011. There were 11 presidential candidates. Voter turnout was 58.81%. President Kabila won the elections with 48.95% votes. President Kabila’s party, PPRD,had 58 seats in the parliamentary elections. Almost 100 parties are represented in the opposition. The results of the election was put into question by the Carter Center as well as the archbishop of Kinshasa, Cardinal Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya, claiming too many irregularities occurred to assure that the results reflected the will of the people. The Carter Center indicated that ballots had been missing in some areas while in others Kabila achieved unrealistic results. Observers from the Carter Center noted that in some districts voter participation was reported to be 100 percent, a most unlikely possibility.MONUSCO, the peacekeeping mission of the United Nations, also voiced concern about the results.

VideoDolor Sit Amet

 By the numbers
Women in parliament : 8.2%

Participation and Inclusion
The Constitution (2006, Article 14) requires that the state ensures the equality of gender representation at all levels, national, provincial and local. The Electoral Law (Law 06/006 of March 2006, 13) requires that lists of candidates or coalitions should take into account the equal representation of men and women, but also that candidate lists are not rendered invalid by the failure to attain parity.