AComoros is a is a sovereign archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique and northwestern Madagascar. Its official language is Arabic and French. 98% of Comorans are Sunni Muslims. It has a literacy rate of 77.8%. Comoros is made up of three islands that are hampered by inadequate transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. Agriculture, including fishing, hunting, and forestry, accounts for 50% of GDP. Agriculture also employs 80% of the labor force, and provides most of the exports. Export income is heavily reliant on the three main crops of vanilla, cloves, and ylang-ylang. Comoros' export earnings are easily disrupted by disasters such as fires and extreme weather. Despite agriculture’s importance to the economy, the country imports roughly 70% of its food; rice, the main staple, accounts for the bulk of imports. .
Comoros is a federal presidential republic. The president is both head of state and head of government.Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. Each of the islands in Comoros has a great amount of autonomy in the Union, including having their own constitutions (or Fundamental Law), president, and Parliament. The presidency and Assembly of the Union are distinct from each of the Islands' governments. The presidency of the Union rotates between the islands.Mohéli holds the current presidency rotation, and so Ikililou Dhoinine is President of the Union; Grand Comore and Anjouan follow in four-year terms.
In 2016, Comoros held its presidential elections. The presidency of the Comoros rotates between the country's three main islands; Anjouan, Grande Comore and Mohéli. The 2006 elections were limited to candidates from Anjouan and the 2010 elections to Mohélian candidates. As a result, the 2016 elections saw presidential candidacy limited to Grande Comore residents.Azali Assoumani, presidential candidate of Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros won the second round of elections with 41.43% of votes. Mohamed Ali Soilihi, presidential candidate from the Union for the Development of the Comoros and former vice president of Comoros, rejected the results. International bodies commended the electoral process.
In 2010, the presidential elections were held. This time it was limited to Mohélian candidates. There were ten candidates in the presidential primary election. President Sambi supported his Vice President Ikililou Dhoinine. Ikililou Dhoinine, Mohamed Said Fazul and Abdou Djabir advanced to the second round. Voter turnout was 67.10% in the first round. In the second round, Ikililou Dhoinine won with 61.12% votes. Voter turnout was 51%