AIt is a landlocked country in Central Africa. Although it is rich in natural resources such as such as uranium reserves, crude oil, gold, diamonds, cobalt, lumber, and hydropower, and a notable arable land, Central African Republic is one the ten most poorest countries in the world. This is probably because it has been unstable since attaining its independence from France. It has a literacy rate of 36.8%. The agricultural sector generates more than half of GDP. Timber, diamonds and cotton account for most export earnings. CAR has a largely unskilled workforce and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on the country’s economic revitalization.
The CAR is a semi-presidential republic. The president is the head of state and prime minister is the head of government.
The president is elected for a six year term through popular vote while the prime minister is appointed by the president.
The Council of Ministers, whose members are appointed by the president, initiate laws and oversee over government operations.
The National Assembly is made up of 105 members who are elected for a five year terms using the run-off system.
The country holds elections after every 5 years. In the 2011 elections, President Bozize was standing for a second term. There were 5 candidates who registered for the presidential election. There was a 61.1% voter turnout and President Bozize won with 64.4% votes while his party, Kwa Na Kwa won 61 out of 100 seats. Before the results were released, presidential candidate Martin Ziguele, declared the results were farcical and fraudulent. The constitutional court upheld the elections results rejecting opposition appeals.
There has been a civil war in CAR since 2012, this forced the resignation of President Bozize. An interim president became the head of state until the 2015-2016 elections. President Bozize was attempted to run for presidency but his application was denied by the constitutional court.
AInterim President, Catherine Samba Panza, was not allowed to run. There were 30 presidential candidates. During the election, the voter turnout was 62.54%. The candidates Anicet-Georges Dologuele and Faustin-Archange Touadéra obtained 23.74% and 19.05% votes respectively and qualified for a second round. In the second round, Faustin-Archange Touadéra won with 62.71% votes. He was an independent candidate. In the National Assembly, 56 out 131 seats were won by independent candidates.
Women in parliament: 7.86%
total population: 36.8%
female: 24.4% (2015 est.)
The following gender inclusion instruments have been ratified by the CAR:
2. Maputo Protocol