Cameroon is a country in West Africa. It’s official languages are French and English. This is because it was colonised both by Britain and France. Cameroon has geological diversity, it has coastal plains in the southwest, a dissected plateau in the center, mountains in the west and plains in the north. Cameroon has a high youth population, over 60% of the people are under 25 years old. It has 75% of literate people. Cameroon enjoys relatively high political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries. Nevertheless, large numbers of Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers.
Through popular vote, the president of Cameroon is elected every seven years. He or she is the head of state. The term limit of two terms was removed in 2008.
The prime minister is appointed by the president and is considered the official head of government. The National Assembly consists of 180 members who are elected every 5 years and meet three times a year.
The Senate which was established in 2013 consists of 100 members and is headed by a President of the Senate who is the constitutional successor to the president.
Traditional leaders are recognised provided their rulings do not conflict with the national law. They also receive stipends from the national government.
Although Cameroon is a multiparty state, it is considered to be a one party dominant state. Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement is the dominant state. Other parties are considered to have no real chance of gaining power. Independent candidates are barred from participating in municipal and parliamentary elections, they are however permitted to participate in presidential elections. The current president, Paul Biya, has been in power since 1982.
Cameroon has two major types of elections, presidential elections and parliamentary elections. The most recent presidential elections were held in 2011. President Paul Biya won the 2011 presidential elections with 77.99% of votes. The voter turnout was 68.3%. Countries such as the United States and France challenged the election results, citing irregularities.
AThe African Union however cited the elections as credible, free and fair. In the previous 2004 presidential elections, Paul Biya won the elections with 70.92% of votes. The voter turnout was 82.2%. There was a drop of 13.9% in voter turnout in the recent 2011 presidential election.
In the 2007 parliamentary elections, the Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement, won 153 out of 180 seats. In the most recent 2013 parliamentary elections, the party won 148 out of 180 seats. They lost 5 seats.
Women in parliament: 31.1%
total population: 75%
female: 68.9% (2015 est.)
Youth Unemployment rate:
female: 7.5% (2010 est.)
Most political parties have a 30% quota for women candidates.