Cape Verde or Cabo Verde is an island country with an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands located in West Africa. It is poor in natural resources and has little arable land. However, it is one of the most politically and economically stable countries in Africa. It’s developing country is mostly service oriented, with commerce, transport and public services accounting for more than 70% GDP. Cabo Verde’s official language is Portuguese. Most of its inhabitants are Creole. 95% of the people in Cabo Verde are Christians. 30% opf Cape Verdeans live below the poverty line. Agriculture only amounts to approximately 7.4% of their GDP.
Cape Verde is considered to be among one of the most democratic nations in the world. It is a stable semi-presidential representative democratic republic.
The president is the head of state and the prime minister is head of government. The president is elected by popular vote while the prime minister is nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president. Both the president and members of the National Assembly serve 5 year terms.
Elections in Cape Verde have been considered free and fair. There is free press and the rule of law is respected by the government. In relation to this, Freedom House granted Cape Verde two 1st in its annual Freedom in the World report, a perfect score. It is the only country in Africa to receive this score.
Cape Verde is a multi-party system. However, it is considered to have a two-party system, meaning that there are two dominant political parties. It is extremely difficult for one to be a successful political candidate under the support of another political party. The two dominant political parties are :Movement for Democracy (MpD) and African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV). The most recent elections were in 2011, there was both a parliamentary and presidential election. The voter turnout for the parliamentary election was 76% while that of the presidential election was 59.9%. More than 94% of the parliamentary seats went to the two dominant political parties. Two independent candidates participated in the presidential elections. The Movement for Democracy presidential candidate, Jorge Carlos Fonseca was elected as president. The African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde had majority seats in Parliament.
AWomen in parliament: 23.6%
Female judicial appointments : 47%
Female ministers: 8 out of 22 (appointed in 2008)
total population: 87.6% male: 92.1% female: 83.1% (2015 est.)
The Electoral Code of 1999 establishes various measures for the promotion of women in public and political life but these measures are unimplemented.
Cape Verde has also signed and ratified the following Women’s rights protection instruments:
● CEDAW: ratified in 1980
● Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2005